Beetroot Growing Guide

Beta vulgaris


Crop Rotation Group

Chenopodiaceae (Beet family) 


Rich soil. Well-drained light but deep soil preferred.


Sun or partial shade.

Frost tolerant



Rarely required.


Single Plants: 15cm (5") each way (minimum)
Rows: 10cm (3") with 20cm (7") row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Unlike most other root crops, beetroot don’t mind being transplanted, provided the seedlings are small and kept moist during transplanting. They can also be directly seeded where they are to grow. Thin seedlings to at least 10cm apart to grow large roots. They can be left to grow in a group, provided they have enough space to spread.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalised calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.


Each beetroot seed is actually a small cluster of seeds, so space well and may require thinning. Be careful not to damage the beet when weeding. Young leaves are also a colourful addition to salads. Liable to bolt (run to seed) if sown too early, though some varieties are resistant to this. Keep well watered in dry weather to prevent roots splitting


Harvest young leaves for salad greens as you thin young plants. Pull roots when they become plump.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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Pests which Affect Beetroot